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Policy-Making in the European Union

Policy-Making in the European Union (7th edn)

Helen Wallace, Mark A. Pollack, and Alasdair R. Young
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date: 03 July 2022

p. 724. An Institutional Anatomy and Five Policy Modeslocked

p. 724. An Institutional Anatomy and Five Policy Modeslocked

  • Helen Wallace
  •  and Christine Reh

Abstract

This chapter examines the European Union’s institutional design and how its institutions interact with national institutions in five different policy modes. It first considers the evolving role and internal functioning of the European Commission, Council of the EU, European Council, European Parliament, and Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). It also discusses quasi-autonomous agencies, in particular the European Central Bank (ECB), institutionalized control and scrutiny, and non-state actors. It concludes with an analysis of five EU policy modes that capture the different patterns of interaction between EU and national institutions: the classical Community method, the regulatory mode, the distributional mode, the policy coordination mode, and intensive transgovernmentalism.

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