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(p. 103) 6. The ‘Other’ European Communities and the Origins of the European Economic Community (the Early 1950s to the 1960s) 

(p. 103) 6. The ‘Other’ European Communities and the Origins of the European Economic Community (the Early 1950s to the 1960s)
Chapter:
(p. 103) 6. The ‘Other’ European Communities and the Origins of the European Economic Community (the Early 1950s to the 1960s)
Author(s):

Ian Bache

, Simon Bulmer

, Stephen George

, and Owen Parker

DOI:
10.1093/hepl/9780199689668.003.0006
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date: 25 June 2019

This chapter focuses on the ‘other’ European communities and the origins of the European Economic Community (EEC). Negotiations over a plan for a European Defence Community (EDC) ran parallel to those over the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). Connected with the EDC was a proposal to create a European Political Community (EPC) to provide democratic European structures for co-ordinating foreign policies. This chapter first considers the Pleven Plan for a EDC before discussing the development of the EDC/EPC plan and the ultimate failure to reach agreement in 1954. It also analyses the Messina negotiations and the road to the Treaties of Rome. Finally, it looks at the experience of the other organization that was created at the same time as the EEC, the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom), which, like the ECSC, was institutionally merged with the EEC in 1967.

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