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(p. 290) 16. The European Court of Justice 

(p. 290) 16. The European Court of Justice
Chapter:
(p. 290) 16. The European Court of Justice
Author(s):

Ian Bache

, Simon Bulmer

, Stephen George

, and Owen Parker

DOI:
10.1093/hepl/9780199689668.003.0016
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date: 18 July 2019

This chapter focuses on the European Court of Justice (ECJ), one of the three courts that make up the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU); the others are the General Court and the EU Civil Service Tribunal. It first provides an overview of the ECJ's structure and functions before discussing some of its main rulings and their significance. It then considers rulings on the powers of the institutions, some key legal judgments made in response to questions referred to the ECJ by national courts, the impact of ECJ rulings on EU policy, and post-Maastricht trends in the ECJ and EU law. It also assesses the evolving political reactions towards the judgments of the Court, along with the debate over whether the member states have lost control of the process of European integration because of the ECJ's radical jurisprudence.

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