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(p. 77) 4. Democracy 

(p. 77) 4. Democracy
(p. 77) 4. Democracy

Thomas Christiano

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date: 25 November 2020

This chapter examines various conceptions of the normative grounds of democracy. After some preliminaries, it discusses considerations that favour and disfavour democracy from the perspective of instrumentalism. It then reviews some arguments for the intrinsic value of democracy and goes on to analyse one of the most fundamental challenges that a theory of democracy must face: the problem of citizenship. It also explains some of the institutional prerequisites of democratic institutions if they are to meet the challenge of citizenship. Finally, it presents a case study on deliberative polling as a way of realizing democratic ideals, along with Key Thinkers boxes featuring Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Joseph Schumpeter, Robert Dahl, James Buchanan, and Gordon Tullock.

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