Show Summary Details
Poverty and Development

Poverty and Development (3rd edn)

Tim Allen and Alan Thomas
Page of

Printed from Oxford Politics Trove. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

Subscriber: null; date: 13 August 2022

p. xxvAcronyms, Abbreviations, and Organisationslocked

p. xxvAcronyms, Abbreviations, and Organisationslocked

  • Tim Allen
  •  and Alan Thomas

Acronym

In full

ASEAN

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

BPfA

Beijing Platform for Action

BRICS

Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa

CCP

Chinese Communist Party

CCT

Conditional Cash Transfer

COPs

Conferences of the Parties

CRC

Convention on the Rights of the Child

CSR

Corporate Social Responsibility

DAC

Development Assistance Committee

DALYs

Disability Adjusted Life Years

DESA

Department of Economic and Social Affairs

DFI

direct foreign investment

DFID

Department for International Development (UK)

E4D

Engineering for Development

ECA

Economic Commission for Africa

ECE

Economic Commission for Europe

ECLAC

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

ECOSOC

Economic and Social Council

EOI

export-oriented industrialisation

ESCAP

Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

ESCWA

Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia

EU

European Union

FAO

Food and Agricultural Organisation

FCDO

Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (UK)

G20

Group of Twenty

G7

Group of Seven

G77

Group of Seventy-Seven

G8

Group of Eight

GAD

Gender and Development

GAIN

Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GHIs

Global Health Initiatives

GNI

Gross National Income

GNP

Gross National Product

GPP

Gross Provincial Product

GT

Great Transformation

HAART

Highly active antiretroviral treatment

HDI

Human Development Index

HIPCs

Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

HIV/AIDS

Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

IBRD

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

ICC

International Criminal Court

ICPD

International Conference on Population and Development

ICT

Information and Communication Technology

ICT4D

Information and Communication Technologies for Development

IDPs

Internally Displaced Persons

IHME

Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation

ILO

International Labour Organisation

IMF

International Monetary Fund

IMO

International Maritime Organisation

INGOs

international non-governmental organisations

IOM

International Organisation for Migration

IoT

Internet of Things

IPC

Integrated Phase Classification

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

ISI

import substitution industrialisation

IT

Information Technology

JICA

Japan International Cooperation Agency

LICs

low-income countries

LLDCS

least-developed countries

MDGs

Millennium Development Goals

MENA

Middle East and North Africa

MICs

middle-income countries

MPI

Multi-dimensional Poverty Index

NAM

Non-Aligned Movement

NCDs

non-communicable diseases

NEP

New Economic Policy

NGOs

non-governmental organisations

NICs

newly industrialised countries

p. xxviNIEO

New International Economic Order

NPC

National People’s Congress

NRC

Norwegian Refugee Council

NWSC

National Water and Sewerage Corporation

OCHA

Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

ODA

Official Development Assistance

ODA

Office for Disarmament Affairs

OECD

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

OHCHR

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

ONS

Office of National Statistics (UK)

OPHI

Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative

PPP

Purchasing Power Parity

PRSPs

Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers

QoG

quality of governance

RAE

Royal Academy of Engineering

REDD

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries

S&T

science and technology

SAPs

Structural Adjustment Programmes

SDGs

Sustainable Development Goals

SIPRI

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

SOEs

State-Owned Enterprises

SRM

Self-regulating market

SUN

Scaling Up Nutrition

TB

Tuberculosis

TNCs

Transnational Companies

TVEs

Township Village Enterprises

UAVs

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

UHC

Universal Health Coverage

UK

United Kingdom

UN

United Nations

UNAIDS

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UNFPA

United Nations Fund for Population Activities

UN-HABITAT

United Nations Human Settlement Programme

UNHCR

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNICEF

United Nations Children’s Fund (originally known as the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund)

UNODC

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

UNRWA

United Nations Relief and Works Agency

US/USA

United States/United States of America

USAID

United States Agency for International Development

USSR

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

WASH

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

WCED

World Commission on Environment and Development

WEDC

Water Engineering and Development Centre

WID

Women in Development

WFP

World Food Programme

WHO

World Health Organisation

WMO

World Meteorological Organisation

WGIs

Worldwide Governance Indicators

WoT

War on Terror

WTO

World Trade Organisation

YLD

Years Lost due to Disability

YLL

Years of Life Lost