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The Member States of the European Union

The Member States of the European Union (2nd edn)

Simon Bulmer and Christian Lequesne
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date: 18 October 2021

p. 1346. Spain: Modernization Through Europeanizationlocked

p. 1346. Spain: Modernization Through Europeanizationlocked

  • Francesc Morata


This chapter examines the different aspects of Spain’s adaptation to the European Union, and more specifically how Europe became a source of benefits and modernization for the country. Spain is the only country among all those which have joined the EU after 1958 whose political parties and citizenry were in full support of the issue. Europeanization has affected most policy areas, particularly economic and social policies, in response to EU pressures during the financial crisis. The chapter first considers the pattern of Spain’s relations with the EU before discussing the overall assessment of its EU membership among public opinion and political parties. It then analyses the impact of EU membership on Spain’s political institutions and governance, judicial politics, and policy adaptation in areas such as the Common Agricultural Policy and environmental policy. The chapter concludes by comparing Spain’s experience with those of other member states.

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