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The Member States of the European Union

The Member States of the European Union (2nd edn)

Simon Bulmer and Christian Lequesne
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date: 26 October 2021

p. 23610. Romania–Uneven Europeanizationlocked

p. 23610. Romania–Uneven Europeanizationlocked

  • Dimitris Papadimitriou
  •  and David Phinnemore


This chapter examines the Europeanization effects associated with Romania’s effort to begin and, later, complete its accession negotiations with the European Union. The road to EU membership in 2007 was a long and hard one for Romania. While public and political opinion remained solidly in favour of integration, and ultimately membership, institutional fluidity, poor administrative capacity, political factionalism, and corruption posed significant challenges to processes of domestic adaptation. The chapter first provides an overview of the changing pattern of Romania’s relationship with the EU before discussing some of the early evidence of the impact of EU membership on Romanian public opinion, party politics, and public policy. It also looks at important factors that have affected both the ‘production’ and ‘reception’ of the Europeanization pressures associated with the EU’s most recent enlargement. Finally, it compares Romania’s EU membership experience with those of other member states, particularly Poland and Bulgaria.

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