- Louis W. Pauly
This chapter examines the political economy of global financial crises. The current world economy reflects an experiment involving the opening and integration of financial markets on the one hand, and the dispersion of political authority on the other hand, The resulting governance challenges are evident in the circumstances surrounding financial crises spilling ever more readily across national borders. In the late twentieth century, most such crises began in emerging-market countries. In 2008, however, the experiment almost failed catastrophically when policy mistakes in the United States combined with an economic downturn to spawn a global emergency. This chapter considers the changing political economy of systemic risk assessment, crisis prevention, and emergency management as the experiment continues. The timeline for the financial crisis of 2008 is presented.