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(p. 141) 6. Regional Trade Agreements 

(p. 141) 6. Regional Trade Agreements
(p. 141) 6. Regional Trade Agreements

John Ravenhill

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date: 21 October 2020

This chapter examines the political economy of regionalism, focusing on why regional trade agreements are established and which actors are likely to support regional rather than global trade liberalization. It also considers the effects that regionalism has had on the trade and welfare of members and non-members, as well as the relationship between liberalization at the regional and global levels. The chapter begins with a discussion of various forms of regional trade cooperation, ranging from free trade areas to economic unions. It then explains why regionalism has been attractive to governments throughout the post-war period, and especially in the last two decades. It also explores the economic consequences of regional economic integration and concludes with an assessment of the effects of regionalism and the World Trade Organization (WTO) on global trade negotiations.

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