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(p. 136) 8. Governments and bureaucracies 

(p. 136) 8. Governments and bureaucracies
Chapter:
(p. 136) 8. Governments and bureaucracies
Author(s):

Wolfgang C. Müller

DOI:
10.1093/hepl/9780198737421.003.0010
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date: 11 July 2020

This chapter examines the decision-making modes of governments and their capacities to govern, with particular emphasis on bureaucracies that support governments in their tasks of ruling and administrating the country. It first presents the relevant definitions before discussing different modes of government that reflect the internal balance of power: presidential government, cabinet government, prime ministerial government, and ministerial government. It then considers the autonomy of government, especially from political parties and the permanent bureaucracy, along with the political capacity of governments, the relevance of unified vs divided government, majority vs minority government, and single-party vs coalition government. The chapter concludes with an assessment of the bureaucratic capacities of government, focusing on issues such as classic bureaucracy, the politicization of bureaucracies, and New Public Management systems.

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