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(p. 188) 11. Federal and local government institutions 

(p. 188) 11. Federal and local government institutions
Chapter:
(p. 188) 11. Federal and local government institutions
Author(s):

John Loughlin

DOI:
10.1093/hepl/9780198737421.003.0013
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date: 11 July 2020

This chapter focuses on federal and local government institutions. More specifically, it considers the ways in which territorial governance has been understood and implemented within the nation-state model. The territorial organization of nation-states may be either federal or unitary, although each of these categories may be further categorized as being either more or less decentralized. The welfare states of the post-war period represent the culmination of the nation-state-building process and placed emphasis on central control over sub-national levels of government. The chapter begins with a discussion of the modern nation-state and territorial governance, citing the rise of nationalism in unitary states and federal states. It then considers territorial governance in welfare states, along with the classical distinction between federal and unitary states. It also examines trends towards regionalization and decentralization in unitary states before concluding with an assessment of local government and local autonomy.

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