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(p. 30) 3. From the Constitutional Treaty to the Treaty of Lisbon and Beyond 

(p. 30) 3. From the Constitutional Treaty to the Treaty of Lisbon and Beyond
(p. 30) 3. From the Constitutional Treaty to the Treaty of Lisbon and Beyond

Clive Church

and David Phinnemore

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date: 13 June 2021

This chapter examines the origins, evolution, and implementation of the Treaty of Lisbon. It begins by tracing the origins of the Constitutional Treaty (CT) — and in turn the Lisbon Treaty — to the ‘Future of Europe’ debate started by the Nice European Council in 2000 and furthered by the Laeken Declaration that was adopted a year later. It then considers the 2004 Intergovernmental Conference and its attempts to produce a slightly amended text, along with efforts to establish a streamlined and more democratic European Union. It also discusses the key debates in European integration and the rejection of the CT that led to the adoption of the Lisbon Treaty. Finally, it analyses the main elements of the Lisbon Treaty as well as its significance and implementation. The chapter highlights various calls for treaty reform to provide the EU with the necessary competences and improve the institutional framework for economic governance.

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