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(p. 113) 5. Traditional Ideologies 

(p. 113) 5. Traditional Ideologies
Chapter:
(p. 113) 5. Traditional Ideologies
Author(s):

Robert Garner

DOI:
10.1093/hepl/9780198704386.003.0006
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date: 25 January 2021

This chapter examines a range of traditional ideologies associated with the Enlightenment, including liberalism, socialism, nationalism, anarchism, conservatism, and fascism. It first explains what an ideology is and what their general characteristics are before discussing liberalism, socialism, conservatism, nationalism, fascism, and anarchism. In the case of fascism, the chapter describes it as anti-democratic, anti-liberal, and totalitarian. Fascists reject abstract intellectualizing in favour of action and focus on the state's role in creating meaning for individuals. The chapter suggests that each ideology must be understood within the economic, social, and political environment in which it emerged. It also emphasizes the impact of these ideologies on the development of world politics in the last two centuries.

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