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Democratization

Democratization (2nd edn)  

Christian W. Haerpfer  (ed.) , Patrick Bernhagen  (ed.) , Christian Welzel, and Ronald F. Inglehart

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198732280
Democratization introduces the theoretical and practical dimensions of democratization. Focusing on the ‘global wave of democratization’ that has advanced since the early ... More
Democratization

Democratization  

Christian Haerpfer  (ed.) , Patrick Bernhagen  (ed.) , Ronald F Inglehart, and Christian Welzel  (ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199233021
Democratization introduces the theoretical and practical dimensions of democratization. The text focuses on the ‘global wave of democratization’ which has been happening since ... More
10. Gender and Democratization

10. Gender and Democratization  

Pamela Paxton and Kristopher Velasco

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines the role of gender in democracy and democratization. It first considers how gender figures in definitions of democracy, noting that while women may appear to be ... More
18. A Decade of Democratic Decline and Stagnation

18. A Decade of Democratic Decline and Stagnation  

M. Steven Fish, Jason Wittenberg, and Laura Jakli

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0018
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines key factors that lead to failed democratization. It first describes five categories of countries: established democracies, established autocracies, robust ... More
10. Gender and Democratization

10. Gender and Democratization  

Pamela Paxton

in Democratization

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233021
This chapter examines the role of gender in democracy and democratization. It first considers how gender figures in definitions of democracy, noting that while women may appear to be ... More
17. Failed Democratization

17. Failed Democratization  

M. Steven Fish and Jason Wittenberg

in Democratization

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.003.0017
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233021
This chapter examines key factors that lead to failed democratization. It first describes five categories of countries: established democracies, established autocracies, robust ... More
17. Social Media

17. Social Media  

Larry Diamond and Zak Whittington

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0017
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines the role of social media in processes of democratization. Facilitating rapid and decentralized communication among a wide range of actors, social media have played a ... More
21. Post-Communist Central and Eastern Europe

21. Post-Communist Central and Eastern Europe  

Christian W. Haerpfer and Kseniya Kizilova

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0021
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines the democratic revolutions that occurred in post-communist Europe since 1989. It first considers the beginning of the decline of communism and the failed attempts to ... More
22. Post-Soviet Eurasia

22. Post-Soviet Eurasia  

Christian W. Haerpfer and Kseniya Kizilova

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0022
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines the democratic revolutions that occurred in post-Soviet Eurasia since 1989. It first considers the beginning of the decline of communism and the failed attempts to ... More
5. Long Waves and Conjunctures of Democratization

5. Long Waves and Conjunctures of Democratization  

Dirk Berg-Schlosser

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter focuses on the history of democratization since the late eighteenth century. It introduces the concepts of ‘waves’ (trends) and ‘conjunctures’ (briefer turmoils) and delineates ... More
5. Democracies, Democratization, and Authoritarian Regimes

5. Democracies, Democratization, and Authoritarian Regimes  

Peter Ferdinand, Robert Garner, and Stephanie Lawson

in Politics

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780191852015
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198787983.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787983
This chapter examines democracy and democratization in relation to authoritarian regimes. It begins with a discussion of the three ‘waves’ of democratization that have occurred worldwide ... More
4. Long Waves and Conjunctures of Democratization

4. Long Waves and Conjunctures of Democratization  

Dirk Berg-Schlosser

in Democratization

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233021
This chapter focuses on the history of democratization since the late eighteenth century. It introduces the concepts of ‘waves’ (trends) and ‘conjunctures’ (briefer turmoils) and delineates ... More
15. The Arab Spring: The ‘People’ in International Relations

15. The Arab Spring: The ‘People’ in International Relations  

Larbi Sadiki

in International Relations of the Middle East (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850783
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198708742.003.0016
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708742
This chapter examines the Arab Spring and its outcomes from an international relations (IR) perspective by offering a revisionist interpretation that emphasizes the importance of the ... More
6. The Puzzle of Political Reform in the Middle East

6. The Puzzle of Political Reform in the Middle East  

Augustus Richard Norton

in International Relations of the Middle East (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850783
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198708742.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708742
This chapter examines the issue of political reform in the Middle East. More specifically, it considers the enormous challenges that face proponents of political reform in the region. To ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Christian Welzel, Ronald Inglehart, Patrick Bernhangen, and Christian W. Haerpfer

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter introduces the new edition of Democratization against the backdrop of a new pessimism about Democracy. It anticipates the major themes pursued in the book by discussing ... More
11. Social Capital and Civil Society

11. Social Capital and Civil Society  

Natalia Letki

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines the role of civil society and social capital in democratization processes. It begins by reconstructing the definitions of civil society and social capital in the ... More
12. Social Movements and Contention in Democratization Processes

12. Social Movements and Contention in Democratization Processes  

Federico M. Rossi and Donatella della Porta

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter explores the relationship between social movements, trade unions, and transnational advocacy networks of resistance to non-democratic regimes in the global wave of ... More
14. Political Parties

14. Political Parties  

Leonardo Morlino

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0014
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines the role of political parties in the processes of democratization, that is, during transition, installation, and consolidation, and the possible phases of democratic ... More
19. Southern Europe

19. Southern Europe  

Richard Gunther

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0019
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines the political consequences of different types of regime change in Southern Europe by comparing democratic transitions via ‘elite pacts’ or ‘elite convergence’ with ... More
23. The Middle East and North Africa

23. The Middle East and North Africa  

Francesco Cavatorta

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0023
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines why democratic openings failed to consolidate in the Middle East and North Africa despite the profound influence of the global wave of democratization on both regions. ... More

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