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2. Defining Democracy

2. Defining Democracy  

Andrea Kendall-Taylor, Natasha Lindstaedt, and Erica Frantz

in Democracies and Authoritarian Regimes

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2019
Published Online: 
Aug 2020
eISBN: 
9780191860515
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198820819.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198820819
This chapter discusses the definitions of democracy, which have evolved over time. Although the concept of democracy appears straightforward, this is not necessarily the case. The first ... More
21. Post-Communist Central and Eastern Europe

21. Post-Communist Central and Eastern Europe  

Christian W. Haerpfer and Kseniya Kizilova

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0021
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines the democratic revolutions that occurred in post-communist Europe since 1989. It first considers the beginning of the decline of communism and the failed attempts to ... More
22. Post-Soviet Eurasia

22. Post-Soviet Eurasia  

Christian W. Haerpfer and Kseniya Kizilova

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0022
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines the democratic revolutions that occurred in post-Soviet Eurasia since 1989. It first considers the beginning of the decline of communism and the failed attempts to ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Christian Welzel, Ronald Inglehart, Patrick Bernhangen, and Christian W. Haerpfer

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter introduces the new edition of Democratization against the backdrop of a new pessimism about Democracy. It anticipates the major themes pursued in the book by discussing ... More
4. Democracy

4. Democracy  

Peter Ferdinand, Robert Garner, and Stephanie Lawson

in Politics

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780191852015
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198787983.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787983
This chapter examines key aspects of democratic theory. It first defines what democracy means and traces the historical evolution of the term, from the time of the ancient Greeks to the ... More
5. Democracies, Democratization, and Authoritarian Regimes

5. Democracies, Democratization, and Authoritarian Regimes  

Peter Ferdinand, Robert Garner, and Stephanie Lawson

in Politics

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780191852015
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198787983.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787983
This chapter examines democracy and democratization in relation to authoritarian regimes. It begins with a discussion of the three ‘waves’ of democratization that have occurred worldwide ... More
20. Post-Communist Europe and Post-Soviet Russia

20. Post-Communist Europe and Post-Soviet Russia  

Christian W. Haerpfer

in Democratization

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.003.0020
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233021
This chapter examines the democratic revolutions that occurred in post-communist Europe and post-Soviet Eurasia during the period 1989–2008. It first considers the beginning of the decline ... More
25. From supporting democracy to supporting autocracy

25. From supporting democracy to supporting autocracy  

Peter Burnell

in Comparative Politics (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191851018
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198737421.003.0027
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198737421
This chapter examines the controversies surrounding democracy support and its significance for comparative politics. It first compares definitions of democracy support and provides an ... More
5. Democracies

5. Democracies  

Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

in Comparative Politics (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191851018
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198737421.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198737421
This chapter examines the key features of modern democracy as well as its origins. It first explains what democracy means in the field of comparative politics before discussing different ... More
25. From Supporting Democracy to Supporting Autocracy

25. From Supporting Democracy to Supporting Autocracy  

Peter Burnell

in Comparative Politics (5th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2020
Published Online: 
Aug 2020
eISBN: 
9780191860355
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198820604.003.0025
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198820604
This chapter examines the controversies surrounding democracy support and its significance for comparative politics. It first compares definitions of democracy support and provides an ... More
5. Democracies

5. Democracies  

Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

in Comparative Politics (5th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2020
Published Online: 
Aug 2020
eISBN: 
9780191860355
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198820604.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198820604
This chapter examines the key features of modern democracy, as well as its origins. It first explains what democracy means in the field of comparative politics, before discussing different ... More
3. Democracy and Political Obligation

3. Democracy and Political Obligation  

Robert Garner

in Introduction to Politics (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850745
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198704386.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198704386
This chapter examines the claim that democracy is the ideal form of political obligation. It first traces the historical evolution of the term ‘democracy’ before discussing the debate ... More
4. Democracy and Political Obligation

4. Democracy and Political Obligation  

Robert Garner

in Introduction to Politics (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2020
Published Online: 
Aug 2020
eISBN: 
9780191860362
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198820611.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198820611
This chapter examines the claim that democracy is the ideal form of political obligation. It first traces the historical evolution of the term ‘democracy’ before discussing the debate ... More
26. Conclusion: The Future of Democratization

26. Conclusion: The Future of Democratization  

Christian Welzel, Ronald Inglehart, Patrick Bernhagen, and Christian W. Haerpfer

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0026
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter summarizes the main insights from the book and sets out the main challenges lying ahead for democracy. It identifies varieties of autocracy and the role of external threats and ... More
6. The Puzzle of Political Reform in the Middle East

6. The Puzzle of Political Reform in the Middle East  

Augustus Richard Norton

in International Relations of the Middle East (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850783
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198708742.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708742
This chapter examines the issue of political reform in the Middle East. More specifically, it considers the enormous challenges that face proponents of political reform in the region. To ... More
14. Political Parties

14. Political Parties  

Leonardo Morlino

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0014
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines the role of political parties in the processes of democratization, that is, during transition, installation, and consolidation, and the possible phases of democratic ... More
19. Southern Europe

19. Southern Europe  

Richard Gunther

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0019
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines the political consequences of different types of regime change in Southern Europe by comparing democratic transitions via ‘elite pacts’ or ‘elite convergence’ with ... More
25. East Asia

25. East Asia  

Doh Chull Shin and Rollin F. Tusalem

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0025
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines the processes of democratization in East Asia over the past two decades. It first provides a historical background on transitions to democracy in the region before ... More
8. The Political Economy of Democracy

8. The Political Economy of Democracy  

Patrick Bernhagen

in Democratization (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191852022
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198732280.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198732280
This chapter examines the relationship between democratization and the economy. It first provides an historical overview of the emergence of capitalist democracy before discussing some ... More
14. Political Democracy and State Repression

14. Political Democracy and State Repression  

Christian Davenport

in Human Rights: Politics and Practice (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850790
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198708766.003.0015
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708766
This chapter explores the relationship between political democracy and state repression. Afer providing an overview of the democracy–repression link, it considers what research has been ... More

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