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3. Measuring Democracy and Democratization

3. Measuring Democracy and Democratization  

Patrick Bernhagen

in Democratization

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233021
This chapter considers problems associated with classifying countries as democracies and non-democracies and measuring the extent to which a country has advanced on the path of ... More
6. International Political Economy: Classical Theories

6. International Political Economy: Classical Theories  

Robert Jackson and Georg Sørensen

in Introduction to International Relations: Theories and Approaches (6th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850752
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198707554.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198707554
This chapter examines the three most important classical theories within the field of International Political Economy (IPE): mercantilism, economic liberalism, and neo-Marxism. It also ... More
7. International Political Economy: Contemporary Debates

7. International Political Economy: Contemporary Debates  

Robert Jackson and Georg Sørensen

in Introduction to International Relations: Theories and Approaches (6th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850752
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198707554.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198707554
This chapter examines three important debates in International Political Economy (IPE). The first debate concerns power and the relationship between politics and economics, and more ... More
11. Poststructuralism

11. Poststructuralism  

David Campbell and Roland Bleiker

in International Relations Theories: Discipline and Diversity (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850769
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198707561.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198707561
This chapter examines how and why poststructuralism engaged International Relations (IR) from the 1980s to today. It begins by analysing the interdisciplinary context of social and ... More
10. Gender and Democratization

10. Gender and Democratization  

Pamela Paxton

in Democratization

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233021
This chapter examines the role of gender in democracy and democratization. It first considers how gender figures in definitions of democracy, noting that while women may appear to be ... More
Democracies and Authoritarian Regimes

Democracies and Authoritarian Regimes  

Andrea Kendall-Taylor, Natasha Lindstaedt, and Erica Frantz

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2019
Published Online: 
Aug 2020
eISBN: 
9780191860515
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198820819.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198820819
Democracies and Authoritarian Regimes provides a broad overview of the key institutions and political dynamics in democracies and dictatorships, including access to the ... More
4. Long Waves and Conjunctures of Democratization

4. Long Waves and Conjunctures of Democratization  

Dirk Berg-Schlosser

in Democratization

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233021
This chapter focuses on the history of democratization since the late eighteenth century. It introduces the concepts of ‘waves’ (trends) and ‘conjunctures’ (briefer turmoils) and delineates ... More
19. Rising Brazil and South America

19. Rising Brazil and South America  

Arlene B. Tickner

in Foreign Policy: Theories, Actors, Cases (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850806
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198708902.003.0019
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708902
This chapter examines the role of South America in Brazil’s strategy to establish itself as a global player. It first provides an overview of Brazil’s foreign policy in order to situate its ... More
19. Latin America

19. Latin America  

Andrea Oelsner and Mervyn Bain

in Democratization

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.003.0019
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233021
This chapter examines the main features of the undemocratic regimes that were in power in Latin America from the late 1960s, along with the democratization processes that followed since the ... More
1. Why Study IR?

1. Why Study IR?  

Robert Jackson and Georg Sørensen

in Introduction to International Relations: Theories and Approaches (6th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850752
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198707554.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198707554
Introduction to International Relations provides a concise introduction to the principal international relations theories, and explores how theory can be used to analyse ... More
11. Key Issues in Contemporary IR

11. Key Issues in Contemporary IR  

Robert Jackson and Georg Sørensen

in Introduction to International Relations: Theories and Approaches (6th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850752
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198707554.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198707554
This chapter examines four of the most important contemporary issues in international relations (IR): international terrorism, religion, the environment, and new patterns of war and peace. ... More
2. IR as an Academic Subject

2. IR as an Academic Subject  

Robert Jackson and Georg Sørensen

in Introduction to International Relations: Theories and Approaches (6th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850752
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198707554.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198707554
This chapter examines how thinking about international relations (IR) has evolved since IR became an academic subject around the time of the First World War. The focus is on four ... More
1. International Relations and Social Science

1. International Relations and Social Science  

Milja Kurki and Colin Wight

in International Relations Theories: Discipline and Diversity (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850769
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198707561.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198707561
This chapter focuses on the major debates within International Relations theory with regard to the philosophy of social sciences. The philosophy of social science has played a key role in ... More
16. Still a Discipline After All These Debates?

16. Still a Discipline After All These Debates?  

Ole Wæver

in International Relations Theories: Discipline and Diversity (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850769
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198707561.003.0017
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198707561
This chapter considers how the arguments associated with the thirteen different theories of International Relations discussed in the book sum up. More specifically, it asks whether IR is ... More
20. Australia and global climate change

20. Australia and global climate change  

Matt McDonald

in Foreign Policy: Theories, Actors, Cases (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850806
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780198708902.003.0020
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708902
This chapter examines Australia’s engagement with the international politics of global climate change. It first provides an overview of the problem of global climate change and its likely ... More
11. Social Capital and Civil Society

11. Social Capital and Civil Society  

Natalia Letki

in Democratization

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233021
This chapter examines the role of civil society and social capital in democratization processes. It begins by reconstructing the definitions of civil society and social capital in the ... More
14. Political Parties

14. Political Parties  

Leonardo Morlino

in Democratization

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.003.0014
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233021
This chapter examines the role of political parties in the processes of democratization, that is, during transition, installation, and consolidation, and the possible phases of democratic ... More
21. The Middle East and North Africa

21. The Middle East and North Africa  

Francesco Cavatorta

in Democratization

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.003.0021
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233021
This chapter examines why democratic openings failed to consolidate in the Middle East and North Africa despite the profound influence of the global wave of democratization on both regions. ... More
8. Democracy, Business, and the Economy

8. Democracy, Business, and the Economy  

Patrick Bernhagen

in Democratization

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233021
This chapter examines the relationship between democratization and the economy. It first provides an historical overview of the emergence of capitalist democracy before discussing some ... More
9. Political Culture, Mass Beliefs, and Value Change

9. Political Culture, Mass Beliefs, and Value Change  

Christian Welzel and Ronald F. Inglehart

in Democratization

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191850882
DOI: 
10.1093/hepl/9780199233021.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199233021
This chapter examines the role of mass beliefs and value change in democratization processes. Building on one of the central assumptions of political culture theory — the congruence thesis ... More

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