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Policy-Making in the European Union

Policy-Making in the European Union (7th edn)

Helen Wallace, Mark A. Pollack, and Alasdair R. Young
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date: 12 August 2022

p. 36715. Justice and Home Affairs

Institutional Change and Policy Continuitylocked

p. 36715. Justice and Home Affairs

Institutional Change and Policy Continuitylocked

  • Sandra Lavenex

Abstract

This chapter examines the European Union’s justice and home affairs (JHA), which have evolved from a peripheral aspect into a focal point of European integration. It first considers the institutionalization of JHA cooperation, focusing on the Treaty of Lisbon which constitutes a milestone in the communitarization process, before discussing the main actors in the JHA. In particular, it looks at the organization and capacities of EU institutions, the continuity of intergovernmentalism, and the proliferation of semi-autonomous agencies and databases. It also explores the flow of policy, taking into account asylum policy and immigration policy, police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters, and the challenge of implementation. The chapter shows how cooperation among national agencies concerned with combating crime, fighting terrorism, and managing borders, immigration and asylum has gradually moved from loose intergovernmental cooperation to more supranational governance within the EU.

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