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(p. 115) 5. The Triumph of Community Europe 

(p. 115) 5. The Triumph of Community Europe
Chapter:
(p. 115) 5. The Triumph of Community Europe
Author(s):

Craig Parsons

DOI:
10.1093/hepl/9780199570829.003.0006
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date: 03 August 2020

This chapter examines the competition of ideas in France for intra-European cooperation in the 1950s, ranging from traditional intergovernmental arrangements to the sharing of national sovereignty. In particular, it considers how strong political leadership and the formation of crosscutting coalitions that commanded a majority of parliamentary support at critical junctures contributed to the triumph of Community Europe, in the form of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC). The chapter argues that the future of European integration, which followed the Community model, hinged on electoral outcomes and parliamentary manoeuvrings in France that had less to do with the forcefulness of the ideas at issue than with unrelated political developments. It also looks at the demise of the European Defence Community (EDC) that paved the way for the ECSC and EEC projects.

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