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(p. 181) 10. Gender and European Integration 

(p. 181) 10. Gender and European Integration
(p. 181) 10. Gender and European Integration

Birgit Locher

and Elisabeth Prügl

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date: 29 October 2020

This chapter examines gender approaches to the study of European integration and their ontological claim that gender matters when probing the process of European integration. European integration is part of a sociopolitical world that is fundamentally structured by understandings of femininity and masculinity and contributes to reconstructing these understandings. Proponents of gender approaches argue that one can only fully understand and explain large parts of the European integration process with the help of a gender-sensitive perspective. The chapter first considers feminist explanations of gender equality policies at the European Union level before illustrating the contribution that gender and feminist analysis can make by presenting empirical case studies on trafficking in women and the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). It also discusses EU enlargement from the perspective of gender politics, emphasizing the EU’s validation of hegemonic masculinity in the process of enlargement.

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