Show Summary Details
Security Studies: Critical Perspectives

Security Studies: Critical Perspectives (1st edn)

Xavier Guillaume and Kyle Grayson
Page of

Printed from Oxford Politics Trove. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 03 December 2023

p. 17111. Nationalism, racism, and xenophobialocked

p. 17111. Nationalism, racism, and xenophobialocked

  • Philippe M. Frowd


This chapter analyses the security implications of nationalism, racism, and xenophobia. Nationalism can foreground common identity and social cohesion but also exclusion and rejection. Nationalism then constitutes and legitimizes hierarchies as racism and xenophobia do. While racism as personal prejudice is easy to identify and critique, racism as a bigger and more pervasive social system is more resilient and adaptive—it also has deep impacts on institutions that affect who is secure and who is not secure. Xenophobia is related to racism but centres more obviously on negative views of human differences, whether it is those with another citizenship, culture, or religion. The chapter then considers three themes: nationalism and its transnational facets in an era of resurgent populism; racism as a structure of global politics with impacts on insecurity at a range of levels; and finally citizenship and the risks posed to it—and rights more broadly—by xenophobia.

You do not currently have access to this chapter

Sign in

Please sign in to access the full content.


Access to the full content requires a subscription