This chapter addresses many of Friedrich Nietzsche’s major works, with a concentration on his middle and later texts, to reflect on the problem of ‘the political’ in his oeuvre. It begins by identifying Nietzsche as a philosopher of culture whose perspectivist theory of knowledge challenges dualistic systems of truth. The chapter then explains Nietzsche’s concept of the will to power, with reference to how it functions at the level of the state and the individual, before presenting his critique of morality. It also examines Nietzsche’s difficult writings on equality and democracy and interrogates his positions on sex, race, and colonization. Finally, the chapter neither seeks to dismiss nor defend Nietzsche, but provides a foundation for understanding his philosophical concepts and methodologies.