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Introduction to Politics

Introduction to Politics (4th edn)

Robert Garner, Peter Ferdinand, and Stephanie Lawson
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date: 19 June 2024

p. 28713. Executives, Bureaucracies, Policy Studies, and Governancelocked

p. 28713. Executives, Bureaucracies, Policy Studies, and Governancelocked

  • Peter FerdinandPeter FerdinandEmeritus Reader in Politics and International Relations, University of Warwick


This chapter explores the relations between the executive and legislative branches of government, along with their role in formulating government policy. It first describes the general framework of legislature–executive relations before discussing the civil service and its embedded autonomy. It then examines theories of bureaucratic policy-making, with particular emphasis on the problem of facilitating policy innovation, as well as the more recent proliferation of government agencies and the concepts of governance and good governance. It also considers the spread of the domain of policy-making beyond state officials or civil servants to issue networks and policy communities and concludes by analysing the emergence of a ‘network state’ and its implications for civil servants.

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