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The Member States of the European Union

The Member States of the European Union (3rd edn)

Simon Bulmer and Christian Lequesne
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date: 24 July 2024

12. Contrasting States of Europeanization?locked

12. Contrasting States of Europeanization?locked

  • Simon Bulmer
  •  and Christian Lequesne


This chapter examines recurrent themes in the experiences of the countries discussed earlier in terms of European Union membership. It first considers the contribution of Europeanization as an analytical tool for understanding EU member state relations on a country-by-country basis before discussing emergent themes and issues. In particular, it assesses the significance of timing of accession for the member states’ Europeanization experience, showing how timing has often interacted with a geographical focus to each enlargement wave. It also asks whether the Europeanization experience is different for large states rather than small states, or whether the embeddedness of member states’ political systems plays a role. The chapter concludes by identifying different impacts of Europeanization along the dimensions of politics, polity, and policy, including the politicization of the 2010s.

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