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Democratization (2nd edn)

Christian W. Haerpfer, Patrick Bernhagen, Christian Welzel, and Ronald F. Inglehart
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date: 17 July 2024

p. 42326. Conclusion: The Future of Democratizationlocked

p. 42326. Conclusion: The Future of Democratizationlocked

  • Christian Welzel,
  • Ronald Inglehart,
  • Patrick Bernhagen
  •  and Christian W. Haerpfer


This chapter summarizes the main insights from the book and sets out the main challenges lying ahead for democracy. It identifies varieties of autocracy and the role of external threats and group hostilities before assessing the possibilities of spreading democracy to new regions, consolidating and improving new democracies, and deepening old democracies.

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