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Democratization (2nd edn)

Christian W. Haerpfer, Patrick Bernhagen, Christian Welzel, and Ronald F. Inglehart
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date: 13 April 2024

p. 11. Introductionlocked

p. 11. Introductionlocked

  • Christian Welzel,
  • Ronald Inglehart,
  • Patrick Bernhangen
  •  and Christian W. Haerpfer


This chapter introduces the new edition of Democratization against the backdrop of a new pessimism about Democracy. It anticipates the major themes pursued in the book by discussing democracy’s persistent culture-boundedness and societal pre-conditions. The chapter concludes by highlighting economic inequality as major threat to democracy while emphasizing democracy’s value for human, political, and social life.

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