This chapter tackles the human right to have access to water, as it plays a central role in issues such as poverty and climate change. It highlights the importance of clean water to daily survival and the future habitability of the planet. Water services have been viewed as public goods to be provided by governments without profit to all members of society. Moreover, international human rights treaties highlighted the accessibility and affordability of water as it is essential to realizing other rights. The chapter then raises the concern over the privatization of water by referencing the case study of Bolivia implementing and evaluating the human right to water (HRtW).